Analysing terrain data
3 - 4
The exposure grade describes the potential consequences of falling or slipping off the path.
Low Exposure: The path is on completely flat land and potential injury is limited to falling over.
Medium Exposure: The trail contains some obstacles such as outcroppings and rock which could cause injury.
High Exposure: Some trail sections have exposed ledges or steep ascents/descents where falling could cause serious injury.
Extreme Exposure: Some trail sections are extremely exposed where falling will almost certainly result in serious injury or death.
While the rest of the visitors to McKittrick Canyon are hiking the flat McKittrick Canyon Trail to the historic Pratt Cabin, the adventurous hiker will head up the Permian Reef Geology Trail! This gorgeous trail is known mostly to geology buffs, as it is marked with 28 numbered signs that correspond to [geology information.](https://www.nps.gov/gumo/planyourvisit/upload/Permian-Reef-Trail-Brochure_FINAL.pdf) Even if geology is not your thing, this route is highly recommended for its views and the trail clinging to steep canyon walls. The hike begins directly behind the McKittrick Canyon Visitor Center, and immediately deviates from the other system trails.
The early part of the trail climbs steadily upwards, providing expansive views of the canyon trails and the many hikers down below as they travel the massive wash.
Seeing so many people on the McKittrick Canyon Trail makes the solitude of the Permian Reef Trail even more appreciated. The Guadalupe Mountains area is known for its Alligator Junipers, which are named for their unique bark pattern.
Be on the lookout for the various cacti along the trail; they are quite lovely.
The views change every time the trail switchbacks and travels around yet another prominence.
It is impossible to hike the Permian Reef Trail without being in awe of the trail designers and builders.
Their work allows hikers to traverse precarious cliffsides in relative security.
That being said, this is probably not the best route choice for those with a fear of heights! The well-built trail and the distracting views make the 3.5-mile, 2,000' ascent feel quite easy.
Soon, the trail tops out and the terrain flattens on Wilderness Ridge. Once on top of the ridge, which is really a massive plateau, another 1.5 miles along the mostly flat top takes trekkers to an impressive overlook.
It is definitely recommended to make this the destination before turning around to head back.
Take some time to survey the vast lands below Wilderness Ridge from the overlook.
If desired, another ½-mile will get you to the New Mexico-Texas border! The Permian Reef trail begins behind the McKittrick Canyon Visitor Center, which is about 7 miles northeast of the Pine Springs Visitor Center on Hwy 62/180.
The turnoff to McKittrick Canyon is signed; parking and the Visitor Center is 3.5 miles up the road.
Important note: Access to the Visitor Center and trailhead is only possible between 8am and 6pm MST during Daylight Saving Time.
Before and after, there is a locked gate at the highway intersection. https://www.nps.gov/gumo/index.htm