Guidebook

Explore the Eagle Cap—Largest Wilderness Area in Oregon

It was tough to find a comprehensive, user-friendly map of the Eagle Cap Wilderness... until now.

Description

The Eagle Cap Wilderness protects the heart of the Wallowa Mountains from the encroachment of civilization. This massive wilderness area—the largest in Oregon—now covers 359,991 acres of land (or 565 square miles). This raw, rugged wilderness area has a few popular trails and areas—like the Lakes Basin—but other portions of the Wilderness are remote, the trails are overgrown, and the impact of man can barely be seen. If you’re looking for a truly remote backcountry adventure, the Eagle Cap can provide!

"The Eagle Cap Wilderness is characterized by high alpine lakes and meadows, bare granite peaks and ridges, and U-shaped glaciated valleys,” according to the US Forest Service. The peaks hidden deep in the Wilderness include Eagle Cap, which was once incorrectly thought to be the tallest mountain in the Wallowas (originally called the “Eagle Mountains”). Sacajawea Peak now reigns as the highest mountain in the Wallowas, with Matterhorn a close second. Matterhorn was also once considered to be the highest peak in the range, until it was recently re-measured.

The Wallowa Range is unique in Oregon as one of the only places where you’ll find granite rock. In addition to the unique granite formations from an offshoot of the Rocky Mountains, the Wallowas were also "started with a volcanic chain in the Pacific that erupted, continued with sediment being laid down, followed by tectonic plates slamming into each other, then followed by more volcanic eruptions, and finally glacial erosion,” according to Brian Jenkins on SummitPost.org. "Add this together and you get huge granite walls thousands of feet high, limestone ridges, and red and yellow volcanic rock, giving it a most unique quality,” he continues.

Here in the Eagle Cap Wilderness, you’ll find approximately 535 miles of trails, comprising nearly a lifetime of adventure! With such a short season to reach the high country (July-September), it could easily take decades to explore all of the trails in the Eagle Cap Wilderness.

Up until now, it was, unfortunately, difficult to find a comprehensive map online of the entire Eagle Cap Wilderness that’s easy to use and read, so we’ve created one here on FATMAP! Download the entire area of this guidebook for offline use in the Wilderness, or use it on your computer to plan your next adventure.

Sources:
FS.USDA.gov
StatesManJournal.com
SummitPost.org: Matterhorn (Oregon)
SummitPost.org: Sacajawea Peak
Wikipedia: Eagle Cap Wilderness

Eagle Cap Summit
The best Routes on FATMAP, hand-picked by FATMAP’s Editorial team.

Eagle Cap Summit

7 - 8 hrs
27.8 km
1,310 m
1,310 m
Climb to the peak of Eagle Cap
Severe
Private
Sacajawea Peak and Matterhorn Peak
The best Routes on FATMAP, hand-picked by FATMAP’s Editorial team.

Sacajawea Peak and Matterhorn Peak

32.5 km
1,979 m
Bag two summits over 9,000 feet in the Eagle Cap Wilderness.
Easy
Private
North Fork Catherine Creek to the Meadow
The best Routes on FATMAP, hand-picked by FATMAP’s Editorial team.

North Fork Catherine Creek to the Meadow

3 - 4 hrs
16.2 km
474 m
474 m
A locals' favorite hike in the Eagle Cap Wilderness.
Moderate
Private
Minam Lake Trail Out-and-Back
The best Routes on FATMAP, hand-picked by FATMAP’s Editorial team.

Minam Lake Trail Out-and-Back

4 - 5 hrs
20.0 km
662 m
662 m
An easy out-and-back hike to Minam Lake
Moderate
Private
Mule Peak and Granite Butte

Mule Peak and Granite Butte

5 - 6 hrs
17.8 km
1,248 m
1,248 m
Summit both Mule Peak and Granite Butte with this lariat route.
Severe
Private
Chief Joseph Mountain
The best Routes on FATMAP, hand-picked by FATMAP’s Editorial team.

Chief Joseph Mountain

21.2 km
2,081 m
Adventurous peak climb to a prominent mountain looming over Wallowa Lake.
Easy
Private
West Eagle Trail

West Eagle Trail

4 - 5 hrs
18.3 km
1,024 m
781 m
This trail runs deep into the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Moderate
Private
Fake Creek Trail

Fake Creek Trail

2 - 3 hrs
8.4 km
773 m
599 m
Trail on the edge of the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Moderate
Private
Main Eagle Trail

Main Eagle Trail

6 - 7 hrs
23.7 km
1,203 m
1,082 m
One of the major trails in the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Difficult
Private
Bench Canyon Trail

Bench Canyon Trail

1 - 2 hrs
4.8 km
706 m
205 m
Trail deep in the Wilderness
Difficult
Private
Heart Lake Trail

Heart Lake Trail

0 - 1 hrs
0.5 km
86 m
11 m
Spur trail from Bench Canyon Trail to Heart Lake
Moderate
Private
Looking Glass Lake

Looking Glass Lake

1 - 2 hrs
3.8 km
439 m
81 m
Spur trail from Main Eagle to reach Looking Glass Lake
Difficult
Private
Bear Lake Trail

Bear Lake Trail

0 - 1 hrs
2.4 km
338 m
38 m
Spur trail off Main Eagle
Difficult
Private
Little Minam Trail

Little Minam Trail

2 - 3 hrs
11.6 km
358 m
287 m
Paralleling the Little Minam River
Moderate
Private
Rock Springs Trail

Rock Springs Trail

1 - 2 hrs
4.9 km
0 m
715 m
Beginning from an accessible trailhead and connecting to the Little Minam Trail.
Difficult
Private
Minam River Trail

Minam River Trail

1 day +
62.3 km
2,118 m
757 m
Paralleling the Minam River
Moderate
Private
Cliff Creek Trail + Spur

Cliff Creek Trail + Spur

4 - 5 hrs
18.8 km
674 m
962 m
Singletrack running deep into the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Moderate
Private
Kettle Creek Trail

Kettle Creek Trail

2 - 3 hrs
9.6 km
1,023 m
84 m
Providing access to Crater Lake
Moderate
Private
East Eagle Trail

East Eagle Trail

5 - 6 hrs
18.8 km
1,388 m
462 m
A lengthy trail running deep into the Wilderness
Moderate
Private
Eagle Lake Trail

Eagle Lake Trail

0 - 1 hrs
1.4 km
189 m
4 m
Hike to Eagle Lake
Difficult
Private
North Fork Catherine Creek

North Fork Catherine Creek

5 - 6 hrs
23.2 km
1,033 m
922 m
A locals' favorite hike.
Difficult
Private
Lackey's Hole Trail

Lackey's Hole Trail

4 - 5 hrs
19.0 km
764 m
854 m
Hike in the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Moderate
Private
Crib Point Trail

Crib Point Trail

2 - 3 hrs
10.4 km
485 m
539 m
Point-to-point trail in the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Difficult
Private
Horse Ranch Trail

Horse Ranch Trail

2 - 3 hrs
11.9 km
84 m
770 m
Trail beginning from the Horse Ranch Trailhead and running deep into the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Moderate
Private
Lodgepole Trail

Lodgepole Trail

3 - 4 hrs
14.0 km
380 m
364 m
Singletrack skirting the western boundary of the wilderness.
Moderate
Private
Dobbin Trail

Dobbin Trail

2 - 3 hrs
9.1 km
369 m
217 m
A trail running from the Horse Ranch Trailhead to Cartwheel Ridge.
Moderate
Private
Cartwheel Ridge

Cartwheel Ridge

1 - 2 hrs
7.2 km
397 m
143 m
Trail running deep into the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Moderate
Private
Elk Creek Trail

Elk Creek Trail

4 - 5 hrs
17.8 km
976 m
1,155 m
Trail in the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Moderate
Private
Squaw Creek Trail

Squaw Creek Trail

2 - 3 hrs
8.0 km
781 m
189 m
Singletrack trail running from the Elk Creek Trailhead to China Ridge
Difficult
Private
China Ridge

China Ridge

2 - 3 hrs
10.0 km
450 m
422 m
An exposed ridgeline traverse in the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Moderate
Private
Sand Pass

Sand Pass

3 - 4 hrs
9.2 km
1,037 m
202 m
Sand Pass Trail heads deep into the Eagle Cap Wilderness.
Difficult
Private
Tombstone Lake Trail

Tombstone Lake Trail

2 - 3 hrs
10.6 km
690 m
602 m
A difficult trail deep in the Eagle Cap
Difficult
Private
Jim White Trail

Jim White Trail

3 - 4 hrs
13.4 km
1,114 m
233 m
Singletrack trail in the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Difficult
Private
Little Pot Trail

Little Pot Trail

1 - 2 hrs
7.5 km
20 m
1,072 m
Singletrack trail in the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Difficult
Private
North Minam Trail

North Minam Trail

7 - 8 hrs
27.8 km
1,396 m
1,612 m
Singletrack trail in the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Difficult
Private
Copper Creek Trail

Copper Creek Trail

2 - 3 hrs
7.6 km
681 m
75 m
Singletrack trail in the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Difficult
Private
Long Lake Trail

Long Lake Trail

0 - 1 hrs
2.2 km
15 m
234 m
Hike to Long Lake
Difficult
Private
Green Lake Trail

Green Lake Trail

1 - 2 hrs
5.5 km
536 m
59 m
Hike to Green Lake
Difficult
Private
Bear Creek Trail

Bear Creek Trail

7 - 8 hrs
28.2 km
1,441 m
516 m
Singletrack trail in the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Moderate
Private
Dobbin Creek Trail

Dobbin Creek Trail

1 - 2 hrs
5.6 km
795 m
8 m
Singletrack trail in the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Difficult
Private
Goat Creek Trail to Huckleberry Mountain

Goat Creek Trail to Huckleberry Mountain

3 - 4 hrs
11.2 km
1,054 m
94 m
Singletrack trail in the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Difficult
Private
Huckleberry Mountain

Huckleberry Mountain

2 - 3 hrs
5.2 km
567 m
567 m
Stiff climb to the top of Huckleberry Mountain
Difficult
Private
Elkhorn Trail -> Storm Lake Trail

Elkhorn Trail -> Storm Lake Trail

4 - 5 hrs
15.1 km
1,106 m
486 m
A linkup deep in the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Difficult
Private
Miner's Basin Trail

Miner's Basin Trail

1 - 2 hrs
4.1 km
715 m
10 m
Singletrack trail in the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Difficult
Private
Bear Minam Trail

Bear Minam Trail

2 - 3 hrs
6.1 km
1,069 m
4 m
Singletrack trail in the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Difficult
Private
Washboard Trail

Washboard Trail

3 - 4 hrs
15.7 km
546 m
672 m
Singletrack trail in the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Difficult
Private
Division Camp

Division Camp

2 - 3 hrs
7.2 km
820 m
32 m
Singletrack trail in the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Difficult
Private
Big Sheep Ridge

Big Sheep Ridge

3 - 4 hrs
12.4 km
1,176 m
116 m
Singletrack trail in the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Difficult
Private
Bowman Trail -> Wood Lake -> John Henry Lake

Bowman Trail -> Wood Lake -> John Henry Lake

6 - 7 hrs
25.9 km
1,321 m
1,260 m
A singletrack linkup in the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Difficult
Private
Murphy Creek

Murphy Creek

4 - 5 hrs
15.8 km
1,281 m
111 m
Singletrack trail in the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Difficult
Private
Cougar Ridge

Cougar Ridge

3 - 4 hrs
13.0 km
589 m
84 m
Singletrack trail in the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Difficult
Private
Standley Ridge

Standley Ridge

2 - 3 hrs
8.2 km
449 m
72 m
Singletrack trail in the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Difficult
Private
Francis Lake

Francis Lake

6 - 7 hrs
24.5 km
1,300 m
1,300 m
Hike to Francis Lake
Difficult
Private
Frazer Pass

Frazer Pass

1 - 2 hrs
4.1 km
268 m
333 m
Singletrack trail in the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Difficult
Private
Hidden Lake

Hidden Lake

0 - 1 hrs
2.8 km
345 m
57 m
Hike to Hidden Lake
Difficult
Private
Ivan Carper Trail

Ivan Carper Trail

1 - 2 hrs
4.3 km
359 m
295 m
Singletrack trail in the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Difficult
Private
Blue Lake Trail

Blue Lake Trail

0 - 1 hrs
1.3 km
103 m
2 m
Singletrack trail in the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Difficult
Private
China Cap

China Cap

4 - 5 hrs
14.0 km
1,003 m
1,003 m
Summit the China Cap
Severe
Private
Maxwell Lake

Maxwell Lake

3 - 4 hrs
11.6 km
829 m
829 m
Out-and-back hike
Difficult
Private
Hurricane Creek Trail

Hurricane Creek Trail

3 - 4 hrs
15.8 km
885 m
77 m
Singletrack trail in the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Moderate
Private
Billy Jones Trail

Billy Jones Trail

1 - 2 hrs
4.3 km
764 m
43 m
Singletrack trail in the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Difficult
Private
Falls Creek Trail

Falls Creek Trail

3 - 4 hrs
8.9 km
950 m
950 m
Singletrack trail in the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Difficult
Private
Lakes Basin Trail

Lakes Basin Trail

2 - 3 hrs
10.7 km
137 m
611 m
Singletrack trail in the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Moderate
Private
Horseshoe Lake Trail

Horseshoe Lake Trail

0 - 1 hrs
2.1 km
25 m
71 m
Spur off the Lakes Basin Trail
Moderate
Private
Moccasin Trail

Moccasin Trail

0 - 1 hrs
3.6 km
81 m
167 m
Moccasin Trail, aka Trail 1810A
Moderate
Private
Glacier Trail

Glacier Trail

1 - 2 hrs
7.3 km
396 m
492 m
Singletrack trail in the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Difficult
Private
South Fork Imnaha -> West Fork Wallowa

South Fork Imnaha -> West Fork Wallowa

1 day +
45.3 km
1,514 m
1,489 m
One of the most significant trails in the Eagle Cap Wilderness.
Difficult
Private
East Fork Trail -> North Fork Imnaha Trail

East Fork Trail -> North Fork Imnaha Trail

6 - 7 hrs
26.6 km
1,395 m
1,165 m
Singletrack trail in the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Difficult
Private
Sullivan Trail

Sullivan Trail

3 - 4 hrs
10.2 km
1,220 m
133 m
Singletrack trail in the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Difficult
Private
Pine Lakes Trail

Pine Lakes Trail

3 - 4 hrs
14.1 km
1,188 m
216 m
Singletrack trail in the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Difficult
Private
Blue Creek Trail

Blue Creek Trail

3 - 4 hrs
15.3 km
883 m
579 m
Singletrack trail in the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Difficult
Private
Norway Trail

Norway Trail

2 - 3 hrs
7.1 km
666 m
312 m
Singletrack trail in the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Difficult
Private
Sugarloaf Trail

Sugarloaf Trail

3 - 4 hrs
14.3 km
763 m
479 m
Singletrack trail in the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Difficult
Private
Deadman Trail

Deadman Trail

2 - 3 hrs
10.0 km
260 m
691 m
Singletrack trail in the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Difficult
Private
Clear Creek

Clear Creek

2 - 3 hrs
11.1 km
621 m
197 m
Singletrack trail in the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Difficult
Private
Trail Creek

Trail Creek

1 - 2 hrs
6.6 km
599 m
194 m
Singletrack trail in the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Difficult
Private
Twin Lakes

Twin Lakes

1 - 2 hrs
4.3 km
22 m
548 m
Singletrack trail in the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Difficult
Private
Boner Flat Trail

Boner Flat Trail

2 - 3 hrs
6.9 km
657 m
484 m
Singletrack trail in the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Difficult
Private
Polaris Trail

Polaris Trail

2 - 3 hrs
9.7 km
748 m
260 m
Singletrack trail in the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Difficult
Private
Chief Joseph Trail

Chief Joseph Trail

7 - 8 hrs
23.2 km
1,547 m
1,547 m
Approach trail to Chief Joseph Mountain.
Difficult
Private
Royal Purple Mine Trail

Royal Purple Mine Trail

0 - 1 hrs
1.4 km
160 m
160 m
Singletrack trail in the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Difficult
Private
Nooney Lakes Trail

Nooney Lakes Trail

1 - 2 hrs
6.3 km
199 m
385 m
AKA Bonny Lakes Trail
Moderate
Private
Tenderfoot Wagon Road

Tenderfoot Wagon Road

2 - 3 hrs
9.3 km
533 m
188 m
Trail in the Eagle Cap Wilderness.
Difficult
Private
Lick Creek

Lick Creek

1 - 2 hrs
6.9 km
359 m
564 m
Singletrack trail in the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Difficult
Private
Wing Ridge

Wing Ridge

2 - 3 hrs
7.7 km
555 m
348 m
Singletrack trail in the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Difficult
Private
McCulley Creek Trail

McCulley Creek Trail

3 - 4 hrs
12.8 km
893 m
614 m
Singletrack trail in the Eagle Cap Wilderness
Difficult
Private