Come and discover these amazing ancient routes followed by Hannibal
"Viù is a mountain village located about 800 meters above sea level. The name of the place could derive from the Latin ""vicus"", village, but also a way to cross the Alps, which was regularly done, in Roman times, through the Colle dell'Autaret. Some even claim that this could have been the pass used by Hannibal and his troops; it was certainly a route that smugglers continued to use, who came down to Provence with a load of rice, to be exchanged for salt, which was essential for the valley dwellers to make cheese.
The municipal territory is rather wide (about 84 square kilometers), it is located between the Val d'Ala and the Val di Susa, which can be reached through the pass of the Colle del Lys; it constitutes, with the municipalities of Lemie and Usseglio, the southernmost part of the entire area of the Valli di Lanzo.
Around the capital there are 34 hamlets, all reached by the road network, whose total development is equal to 100 km. Many of the hamlets are located at an altitude of more than 1000 meters, i.e. in a typical alpine context.
Overall, the territory is still uncontaminated, rich in woods and waters, which represent a wealth, of which we are studying a more appropriate enhancement.
Like the entire valley, Viù offers extraordinary opportunities from the point of view of the outdoors: hiking, climbing, biking and mountain biking, ski touring, snowshoeing.
The historical and cultural part is also extremely interesting: the first human settlement dates back to the Neolithic age; then populations of Ligurian descent settled on the territory, to which the Celts superimposed themselves, who, mixing with the Ligurians, gave rise to Celtic-Ligurian tribes, among which the Graioceli stands out.
At the time of Julius Caesar, the Viù Valley was part of the kingdom of Cozio, which was absorbed by the Roman Empire at the time of Nero. Just in that period many lands belonging to the agerpublicus were distributed to the Roman soldiers, the so-called ""romanetti"", of which there is trace in the surname Romanetto, still widespread in the valley.
From 1345 Viù passed under the dominion of feudal lords connected to the Dukes of Savoy.
One of the most significant elements in the history of Viù is having become, from 1842, the year of the construction of the road, one of the privileged seats of the Turin holiday, say the first seat ""outside the city"", because, in the absence of a road network, the nobility of Turin limited its movements to the immediate vicinity of the city, the so-called ""hill"".
Certainly, the contacts with the most prominent families in Turin were favored by the many workers who went to the service of the nobles of Turin: Massimo d'Azeglio, for example, speaks of it, praising the loyalty and industriousness of a valley worker in his employ. The Viucese women, then, were known to be excellent nurses, the men were recognized as talented cooks. The valley origin of the servants, once the carriage road was completed, which was also financed by a loan from the Marquis of Barolo, favored the arrival in Viù and its hamlets of illustrious figures such as Abbot Gioberti, Silvio Pellico, the naturalist Michele Lessona, Baron Franchetti, who probably hosted the Count of Cavour at the inauguration of his sumptuous villa. In fact, the august presence of the late nineteenth century contributed to the birth of hotels and sumptuous homes, scattered throughout the valley. Eleonora Duse, Benedetto Croce, Giacomo Puccini and, repeatedly, Umberto di Savoia were certainly guests of Viù.
The depopulation imposed by the industrialization has strongly modified the economy of the territory, previously mainly agricultural in vocation. Today's agriculture is based for the most part on the presence of large farms, which do not, however, have a permanent character. Today, however, we are witnessing a progressive recovery of the sector and a greater interest on the part of young people, who carry out quality models, for example to make products recognized under the brand name.
Tourism is certainly the area on which to count for the revival of the Valley, a slow tourism, which is aimed at families and is based on the enhancement of the natural resources of the Valley, as well as its historical and architectural heritage.
During a visit to the Valley, particular attention should be paid to the museum network that unites Lemie, Usseglio and Viù, the historic villas, the places of memory of Colle del Lys and the panoramic views of Malciaussia, Asciutti and Pianàs.
Among the typical products to be tasted, the toma di Lanzo, the paste di meliga, the salami of turgia and, if you are in season, the porcini mushrooms. "