Itatiaia National Park, Brazil



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Itatiaia National Park (Portuguese: Parque Nacional do Itatiaia), established in 1937, is the oldest national park in Brazil.

It is located on the border between the states of Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais. The Itatiaia National Park is the oldest national park of Brazil, created on 14 June 1937 by President Getúlio Vargas.

The park is in the Mantiqueira Mountains.

It covers parts of the municipalities of Itatiaia and Resende in Rio de Janeiro state, and Bocaina de Minas and Itamonte in Minas Gerais state.

It is mountainous and rocky with altitudes ranging from 540 to 2,791 metres (1,772 to 9,157 ft).

The highest point is the Black Needles peak (Pico das Agulhas Negras).

The higher part of the park contains the origins of 12 river basins that supply the Rio Grande (Grand River), a tributary of the Paraná River, and the Paraíba do Sul, the most important river in Rio de Janeiro state.

The lower part of the park has lush Atlantic Forest vegetation and wide rivers with natural pools and waterfalls. The Pico das Agulhas Negras is the state' third highest mountain at 2,878 metres (9,442 ft).

The park attracts bird watchers from all over the world with its 350 species of birds.

Other attractions include hiking and rock climbing.

The park is surrounded by the Serra da Mantiqueira Environmental Protection Area which provides an ecological buffer zone for the park. This trail can be done in two days sleeping at Rebouças camping.

On first day we climb to Black Needles Peak.

On the second day hike to Pedra do Altar, Asa de Hermes, Cachoeira do Aiurouca, Pedra do Sino. Source: