Analysing terrain data
3 - 4
The exposure grade describes the potential consequences of falling or slipping off the path.
Low Exposure: The path is on completely flat land and potential injury is limited to falling over.
Medium Exposure: The trail contains some obstacles such as outcroppings and rock which could cause injury.
High Exposure: Some trail sections have exposed ledges or steep ascents/descents where falling could cause serious injury.
Extreme Exposure: Some trail sections are extremely exposed where falling will almost certainly result in serious injury or death.
Toubkal is not only the highest peak in Morocco, but it's also North Africa and the Arab World’s tallest summit.
Toubkal is part of the Atlas Mountains at an impressive 4,167m above sea level.
It is an "ultra prominent peak" and the highest for over 2,000km. This epic route describes the fabulous and challenging multi-day hike to ascend (and descend) Northern Africa’s highest peak from the small mountain village of Imlil, via the normal route.
It is a long and tiring climb, mostly in high mountain condition.
However, experiencing the local Berber traditions, the incredible views, and the breathtaking panorama at the summit are the ultimate rewards. It is suggested this "out and back" route is attempted over two or three days, as reaching the summit and returning to Imlil on the second day will take between 10 and 12 hours.
Opting to complete this round trip over three days will split the ascent into two shorter days.
Refuge du Toubkal and Refuge les Mouflons act as base camp for many hiking routes, and both offer the perfect place to spend the night before attempting the summit.
They are independent, but both offer similar options of very rudimentary accommodation and food.
Both refuges must be prebooked.
Tents can be pitched near the refuges for a small charge.
It is sensible to allow for acclimatisation, and a night spent at 3,207m at the refuge after the first day’s hike and before reaching the summit will help. The ascent during the summer (from May) is non-technical yet moderately difficult, and is only complicated by steep and slippery scree slopes and altitude sickness.
Yet during the end of winter and spring (February/March), it is more difficult.
Crampons are necessary to ascend the snow and, in some cases, ice.
Equipment is rentable from various places in Imlil or from the refuge. The small mountain village of Imlil (1,900m) is the starting point.
There is a small car park just before the village and it is customary to pay a "guardian" a small, negotiated amount for you to park your car.
He will watch over it in return.
This traditional hamlet is worth seeing and spending some time.
It is home to a very small Berber community who make a meager living mostly from the tourist trade associated with this hike.
They would appreciate your custom at the several guesthouses, cafes, and shops. Day One The trailhead is on the way up and out of the village, signed just before a hotel.
The route starts ascending straight away and continues all the way to the summit, with the exception of a small respite in a floodplain after roughly 3km.
Expect the terrain to be dusty and dry with some small rocky boulders all the way to the refuge.
This section of the route is also used by the local sherpers with their donkeys.
The going isn’t too difficult or steep to the refuge, but it is a 5-6 hour ascent.
Surprisingly, there are several places along the route to stop for a relatively cheap Moroccan tea or a mountain-water-chilled soda. Look out for the Sidi Chamharouch Muslim shrine in the small village of the same name after roughly 3 hours of walking. Approximately 2 hours later you'll reach the refuges.
Some time should remain to allow for relaxation or exploration of other trails and peaks around the area.